Ayushman Bharat Yojana is the world’s government funded largest healthcare-scheme which was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on September 23, 2018. Ayushman Bharat consists of two major parts, the first one is the Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Scheme, that are meant to improve the health-finance of poor and vulnerable families by providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. And the second part aims at creating 1.5 lakh health and wellness centers that will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services, apart from free essential drugs and diagnostic services. This scheme has been expected to work by the incorporation of private hospitals for quality health service delivery to people.
Recently a study found out that even after participating in this scheme particular private hospitals are not adhering to the set amount of expectations and sending the patients back even though they meet the conditions and criteria set by the government. Due to this the public hospitals still aid the poor and helpless patients. A report by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry tabulated that with allotment of 25 percent of capacity to Ayushman Bharat recipients, specialty hospitals would see a 15-25 per cent dip in average revenue per bed per day. More than 90 hospitals across India were blacklisted by the government because of various kinds of frauds and corruption.
Even after The Indian Medical Association (IMA) giving a warning and asking for rebuilding the scheme, the government of India introduced 239 more packages. Also, low awareness of this scheme in the lesser developed states shows that the information about Ayushman Bharat has not been disseminated properly. Still, Ayushman Bharat has a long way to go for securing quality healthcare, right now it needs to focus on improving the plan and structure of this whole policy.