Statistics and Programme Implementation conducted a survey on household social consumption related to health as part of the 75th round of National Sample Survey. And when the results were out on Saturday, it showed that 14% of the rural population and 19% of the urban population had health expenditure coverage and health insurance. In this, over 13% of rural and 9% of the urban population said they were covered by government-sponsored health insurance. A minuscule 1% of the rural population and 6% of the urban population said they were covered by medicare arranged by government / PSU as health protection schemes supported by the employer/employer. The study also showed that the private sector provided medical treatment for a greater proportion of the population, both in rural and urban India, with the average medical expenditure per hospitalization case (excluding childbirth) in rural India for Rs. 16,676 and in urban India for Rs. 26,475 respectively.

As a part of the 76th round of National Sample Survey, the government conducted another survey on drinking water, sanitation, hygiene, and housing condition. Approximately 42.9% of households in rural areas used hand pumps as their main source of drinking water and 40.9% of households in urban areas used piped water as their main source of drinking water. The survey also checked the access of the population to the latrine services and found out that about 71.3% of the households in the rural and about 96.2% in the urban areas had access to latrine. “It may be noted that there may be respondent bias in the reporting of access to latrine as the question on benefits received by the households from government schemes was asked prior to the question on the access of households to latrine.”