Indian doctors following standard treatment protocols will find at least four such protocols for hypertension, six for high blood pressure, three for asthma and up to nine for certain diseases, the optimal or most suitable recommendations for managing specific diseases. Doctors and health experts are concerned that the multiple, overlapping and possibly conflicting standard treatment protocols (STPs) recommended by various doctor panels or government agencies may fool doctors and lead them to prescribe improper medication for some patients. The researchers said that many of the STPs provide adequate guidance, but the vast array of protocols can lead to ambiguities and mark a repeat of efforts. STPs are advised by health agencies and professional medical organizations around the world to ensure that patients receive sufficient medications and care. Numerous studies have shown that STPs can reduce levels of useless or wasteful prescriptions, although doctors may need to diverge from individual patient guidelines. For more than 200 cardiovascular, pediatric and respiratory diseases, among others, the Union Health Ministry has published STPs on its website. But Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu, as well as an industry-health collaboration, also generated STPs for various diseases on an autonomous basis. To provide patients with the most appropriate treatment, doctors would need to follow universally agreed and evidence-based guidelines, said Ashish Awasthi, assistant professor of biostatistics at the Indian Public Health Foundation, Gurgaon. It is said that the Indian Medical Research Council is aware of the issue and was interested in consolidating STPs that it was planning to release electronic modules next year. The plan is to focus on common diseases like cardiovascular diseases, respiratory disorders, and relief from pain.