Masked hypertension is a phenomenon when an individual’s blood pressure reading is normal at the doctor’s clinic but high at home, while white-coat hypertension is a condition in which people exhibit a blood pressure level above the normal range in a clinical setting only.
White-coat hypertensives who are misdiagnosed and put on anti-hypertension drugs have to take unnecessary medication while a masked hypertensive may go undiagnosed running the risk of complications of the heart, the kidneys, and the brain, leading to premature mortality, the study said.
Dr Lalit Kumar Agarwal, nephrologist at a private hospital here said, kidneys are at a high risk of damage in people with high blood pressure or hypertension.
The study was conducted on “drug-naive” set of participants — people not on any anti-hypertension drug — using a comprehensive process of taking blood pressure readings.

Masked hypertension is more common among men than women, especially among tobacco users, those who have excess alcohol and having diabetes, also among those who work in high-stress jobs.