Due to the growing population and expansion of the economy, India is facing various problems in healthcare of its people that include three major threats. First one is high maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate, and prevalence of communicable diseases; the second is the high and rising incidence of non-communicable diseases such as cancers, diabetes and hypertension; and third is the burden of infectious diseases such as dengue, malaria, tuberculosis, hepatitis, and acute encephalitis syndrome. To overcome these catastrophic challenges in the health sector of the country one year ago the Modi-led government launched The 55-crore Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY).
This initiative aims at providing quality healthcare, access to low cost medical services and prosperity of the medicine industry. The two major constituents of this scheme is 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres (HWCs) that will be a combination of government hospitals and enrolled private providers to serve comprehensive primary healthcare and the second part includes a health cover of 5 lakh per family per year that will deliver secondary and tertiary care for serious illnesses.
Since the day it was launched about 50 lakh free treatments, worth over 7,500 crore have been provided at enrolled facilities across the country. A huge amount from the scheme has been put into use for procedures related to orthopedic, cardiology, and radiation oncology. The impressive aspect of this scheme is that an eligible patient from any state implementing PM-JAY can apply for free treatment anywhere in India, in any enrolled hospital.
This program not only focuses it attention on healthcare but also the medical industry of the country. The National Medical Commission Bill is the start of this goal. Transformation in medical education is needed so seventy five new medical colleges are being set up and 82 more are still developing, which will help increase the number of medical seats and safeguard the country’s medical education infrastructure. It will also bring down the cost of medical education, assure quality education and provide wider access to people for quality health care.
PM-JAY is a praiseworthy program that help to build and secure a good future of the country in the healthcare industry.