The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducted a survey in 1,13,823 households (64,552 in rural areas and 49,271 in urban areas), covering a total of 5,55,115 persons (3,25,883 in rural areas and 2,29,232 in urban areas) as a part of 75th round of National Sample Survey (NSS). It showed the difference in healthcare services provided by private health facilities and government institutions. The report of the survey was released on Saturday and found out the following conditions in the nation:
- Private health facilities throughout the country accounted for 55% of in-patient hospitalization cases for care, while public hospitals accounted for 42%, showing a greater dependence on private health facilities. The remaining 3% of the households surveyed were supported by medical charitable trusts.
- It also revealed that the country remains low in health insurance because only 14% of the rural population and 19% of the urban population admitted to having coverage for health expenses. Among the insured people, the government-sponsored medical insurance protected 13 percent of the rural population and 9 percent of the urban population.
- In terms of treating ailments, the private sector again accounted for a large portion, as private hospitals and clinics treated 23% of diseases and private doctors/clinics treated 43% of diseases. Government hospitals provided 33% rural and 26% urban care for ailments. In rural and urban India, 95% of the diseases have been diagnosed using allopathy.
- In private health facilities, health care costs were almost 8 times higher than in government-owned hospitals. The expenditure in government / public hospitals was about Rs 4,452 (per case of hospitalization) while the expenditure was about Rs 31,845 in private hospitals.
- The average spending for childbirth was about Rs 2,404 in rural areas and Rs 3,106 in urban areas (per hospital) for government hospitals. The same for private hospitals in rural areas was Rs 20,788 and in urban areas was Rs 29,105.
This says a lot of things about the status of India’s healthcare system. And it also indicates a higher reliance on private healthcare services among the population.