With rapid urbanisation and poor lifestyle choices, there has been an increase in the incidence of high blood pressure in the young population. According to the fourth National Family Health Survey, high BP was
reported in 13.8% men and 8.8% women aged 15-49 and 15-54 years respectively. District level household survey-4 reported that among the younger participants (18-25 years) hypertension was common with a prevalence of 12.1%.
A young person experiencing recurrent headaches, vision changes, dizziness, nosebleeds, nausea and chest pain should get his/her BP checked, these could be indicators for hypertension. It is important to undergo regular health checkup, high BP is oen silent and remains unrecognised unless checked. As a result, a large number of people develop heart attack, stroke and kidney failure in their productive years of life. Lifestyle factors are critical determinants of BP levels operating against a background of genetic susceptibility. Excess body fat, poor dietary intake of vegetables and fruits, excess salt intake, tobacco use and lack of physical inactivity are some of the most important risk factors. Kidney disease, hormonal imbalance and drugs or alcohol can also cause high BP in the young population.
In about 10% of young adults, there are identifiable causes of high blood pressure. This is called secondary hypertension. In such cases, treating the identifiable cause leads to resolution of highblood pressure. Hence, it is essential to evaluate them for these secondary causes.