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Treatment of type 2 diabetes to focus on weight loss

Weight loss of 15% or greater ought to grow to be a central focus of type 2 diabetes (T2D) treatment because it has the ability to slow progress or even reverse many cases, and decrease complications. The proposed method is published in The Lancet and supplied at this week’s Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), held online this year.

The proof of the advantages of weight reduction in type 2 diabetes treatment comes from numerous sources. The DiRECT trial which assessed an intensive lifestyle intervention in patients with obese or weight problems and T2D of much less than 6 years’ length confirmed remission of T2D at 2 years in 70% of folks that misplaced 15kg or greater (with a median baseline weight of 100kg). Studies of weight problems (bariatric) surgical procedures have additionally proven each on the spot and sustained advantages to sufferers with T2D and weight problems – decreasing the need for glucose-reducing pills within days of surgical procedure and enhancing a couple of signs of fitness for the long-term. The paper additionally discusses the diverse drug remedies to be had for weight control. Five agents (orlistat, phentermine-topiramate, naltrexone–bupropion, liraglutide 3.0 mg, and semaglutide 2.4 mg) are accepted with the aid of using one or greater regulatory government global for chronic weight control. Weekly semaglutide 2·4 mg become accepted with the aid of using the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2021. There also are many different pills being developed, which include tirzepatide (that is an agonist of receptors for both glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP)). Studies of those new pharmaceuticals, which include semaglutide 2.4 mg and tirzepatide 15.0 mg, have mentioned that 15% of body weight can be readily misplaced in greater than 25% of contributors with T2D, and close to normalization of blood sugar management in most participants.

Health structures ought to recognition at the upstream advantages of reducing obesity in preventing or controlling T2D, in preference to the higher costs of treating a person with advancing T2D and the cluster of complications that could include the condition.

Photo by Total Shape on Unsplash

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