The pain threshold among patients is rapidly decreasing, according to medical professionals, resulting in increased demand for C-sections. Medically, in situations such as breech position— where the baby’s feet are placed first, physicians need to follow the technique. Other instances will be problematic births where either a woman has a history of sickness or the infant is accused of being born with abnormalities. C-sections are also chosen when the baby passes meconium stool while still in the uterus, Dr. Singhal added.

Mukhopadhyay from OP Jindal University, claiming other factors for the C-sections, blamed the government for providing zero reimbursement on regular delivery but a “decent money” for a surgery.

According to a survey by the Indian Management Institute, Ahmedabad, the average cost of natural delivery in a private facility is Rs 10,814, while the cost of a C-section amounts to about Rs 23,978.

“The reason why C-sections are increasing in public sectors in some states is also due to the increased monitoring of quality and cautious approach against the poor outcomes, public sector doctors have told me. While they have no monetary encouragement related to surgery-based deliveries, the doctors choose c-sections even if the case is slightly complicated. They don’t want to be hauled up in inquiries later on,” said Dr. Subhasri.

Throughout South India, maximum cesarean rates have been reported. In the state of Maharashtra, the C-section deliveries jumped in public hospitals from 26,000 in 2008-09 to 1,75 lakh, and in private hospitals from 51,000 to 2,25 lakh. Compared to 2008-09, the amount of C-section deliveries has increased sharply where families usually did not favor this procedure.