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Eczema, Atopic Dermatitis and Allergies: What Is The Connection?

Atopic Dermatitis and Allergies are just one of the triggers, along with dry skin, irritants, anxiety, and stress. Many times, eczema flares can be erroneously attributed to foods; a lot of times these flares can be precipitated by other things such as irritants, detergents, humidity, changes in temperature, stress, and infection. Evidence indicates that there is an intrinsic skin defect, which allows allergens to enter through the skin. The immune cells in the skin prompt a variety of other cells to form, which cause allergy. Perhaps if more exposure occurred through the gut, we might have a better shot at correcting the immune system, and allowing patients to develop a tolerance.

Asthma and eczema are both linked to inflammation. If you have one condition, research suggests you may be more likely than most people to have the other. Studies show that if one or both parents have eczema, asthma, or seasonal allergies, their child is more likely to have eczema. What’s more, children with the disease may be more at risk for getting allergies or asthma.

Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis, is an inflammatory skin condition where your immune system tends to overreact to an environmental trigger. The condition tends to run in families. Inheriting a filaggrin gene mutation from your parents can lead to a “leaky” skin barrier that reduces your skin’s ability to block allergens and allows moisture to escape. This causes eczema symptoms like dry and irritated skin. Atopic Dermatitis are caused due to Allergies. Allergens such as pollen, dander, and dust mites, contain enzymes that may also break down the skin’s barrier.

How the body reacts to allergens. Small gaps in the skin make it dry out quickly and let germs and allergens into the body. When allergens enter the skin, they prompt the body to make chemicals that lead to redness and swelling, called inflammation. Research also points to a problem with a type of white blood cell that releases chemicals that help control allergic reactions in the body. This may help explain why people with eczema have outbreaks when they’re around allergens.

Too many antibodies. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a type of antibody that plays a role in the body’s allergic response. People with eczema have higher-than-normal levels of it. Researchers are working to understand why people with the skin condition make too much IgE and what role this may play in the disease.

The wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness associated with asthma are often caused by a strong immune response to environmental allergens. Inflammation causes the airways to swell and narrow, leading to breathing problems. The exact causes of asthma are unknown and vary from person to person. Genes may play a role in the immune system’s strong reaction.

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