Treatment options for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women
Because of its cultural, economic, and religious background, the women of our country are unlike those of any other developed or developing country. Despite the fact that stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is normal, Indian women prefer to conceal it and accept it as a natural part of aging or as a result of childbirth. They live in silence, which has a negative effect on their quality of life (QOL). They begin to avoid social activities and get-togethers. They have to be humiliated even while doing household chores or at work because of leakage accidents. . Whether you are an overweight woman in your early 20s at a barbecue, or a young mother at playdate—the little damp spot on your dress or shorts can be both an embarrassment and leave a stain. Several women suffering from genuine stress urinary incontinence, thus, use adult diapers, elderly diapers, or insert pads to deal with the urine leakage.
How does one get stress urinary incontinence?
Two kidneys, a bladder, a urethra, and a group of muscles known as the sphincter make up the urinary tract. The pelvic floor, a hammock of muscles, supports and holds all of this in place. Now, the malfunction of mainly two parts of this process can be a cause of stress urinary incontinence. First, the weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, causing the entire system to droop. Second, weakening of the sphincter muscles at the neck of the bladder, resulting in the urethra remaining partially open. As a result of this, any pressure exerted on the pelvic floor or abdominal region results in the leakage of urine. Causes of stress urinary incontinence are:
- Prostate cancer
- Other causes include illnesses that lead to chronic coughing, practicing high-impact activities over the years, and injuries to the lower back.
It’s difficult to live with incontinence. Many people are despondent and lonely. It can have an effect on one’s career, family, and sexual relationships. Incontinence tension, on the other hand, can be easily handled and treated with the right management and care.
Exercise: The Kegel exercise for stress incontinence has a major effect on women’s urine leakage after birth. A simple type of physical therapy that includes clutching and holding the muscles around the vaginal and pelvic areas in order to tone and strengthen the area. After a birth, doing this for about 30 reps for about 6 months will help you heal faster.
Bladder Training: The body must be taught how to retain urine and only go when the urge occurs after surgery and pregnancy. The patient is asked to keep their urine and use the toilet only at predetermined intervals during bladder preparation. The cycles are steadily raised as time passes. While Kegel exercises for stress incontinence from the muscles, bladder preparation aids mental adaptation.
Surgery: The surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence is also possible. This mainly has three types called Retropubic suspension, Sling Operation, Artificial sphincters.
Pessaries: Pessaries for stress incontinence are small rings that are inserted into the vagina and can help keep the urethra in its place. But sometimes it causes vaginal discharge and infection, so be careful.
Diapers: Elderly diapers, or sleek ones customized for women, can provide a great temporary solution to issues caused by incontinence stress or overactive bladder. diapers are soft, anti-bacterial, and easy to throw. To sum up, the best cure for stress incontinence or any other sort of urine leakage is to maintain a positive mindset and step forward with the encouragement and support of friends and family. There will always be operational and physical solutions, but nothing will ever take the place of self-belief.